Neurology & Stroke Services
As a nationally certified Primary Stroke Center by Det Norske Veritas (DNV Healthcare), we follow the protocols and guidelines that have been established by the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association to care for stroke patients. Our experienced team of nurses and physicians on the medical staff have been trained using these guidelines to provide high-quality care and treatment that focuses on improving long-term quality of life for stroke patients.
We participate in the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association’s Get With The Guidelines®–Stroke program. The goal of the program is to improve the overall quality of care for stroke patients by improving acute stroke treatment and preventing future strokes and cardiovascular events.
An EEG is a non-invasive test used to detect abnormalities in the electrical activity of the brain. Brain cells communicate by producing tiny electrical impulses. In an EEG, electrodes are placed on the scalp over multiple areas of the brain to detect and record patterns of electrical activity and check for abnormalities. The test causes no discomfort for patients.
The results of the EEG will help the physician diagnose and evaluate the presence and type of seizure disorders and causes of convulsion. Patients with severe head injuries or those receiving life support in an intensive care environment may also require an EEG to investigate brain activities.
What is a Stroke?
A stroke is an attack on the brain—similar to a heart attack. Stroke affects the arteries leading to and within the brain. It is the third cause of death in the United States, behind diseases of the heart and cancer, and a major cause of disability. A stroke occurs when a blood vessel that carries oxygen and nutrients to the brain is either blocked by a clot or bursts. When that happens, part of the brain cannot get the blood (and oxygen) it needs, so it starts to die.
We are a designated stroke receiving facility. This means that we have a dedicated “stroke team” that is called into action the moment we know a stroke patient is on the way to our hospital. We have 24/7 coverage for important diagnostic procedures such as CT angiography, diffusion, and perfusion MR imaging and cerebral angiography. These diagnostic services assist us in making the correct diagnosis and help us to identify the most appropriate treatment.
Signs of a Stroke
Stroke is a medical emergency. Know these warning signs of stroke and teach them to others:
- Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body
- Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding
- Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes
- Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination
- Sudden, severe headache with no known cause
If you or someone with you has one or more of these signs, don’t delay! Immediately call 9-1-1 or the emergency medical services (EMS) number so an ambulance (ideally with advanced life support) can be sent for you.
Also, check the time so you’ll know when the first symptoms appeared. If given within 3.0 hours of the start of symptoms, a clot-busting drug called tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) may reduce long-term disability for the most common type of stroke. TPA is the only FDA-approved medication for the treatment of stroke within three hours of stroke symptom onset.
You can’t change factors related to heredity or natural processes, but those resulting from lifestyle or environment can be modified with the help of a health care professional.
What risk factors for stroke can’t be changed?
- Age: The chance of having a stroke approximately doubles for each decade of life after age 55.
- Heredity (family history) and race
- Sex (gender).
- Prior stroke, TIA, or heart attack
What stroke risk factors can be changed, treated or controlled?
- High blood pressure
- Cigarette smoking
- Diabetes mellitus
- Carotid or other artery diseases
- Atrial fibrillation
- Other heart diseases
- Sickle cell disease (also called sickle cell anemia)
- High blood cholesterol
- Poor diet
- Physical inactivity and obesity
- Brain tumors
- Sleep disorders
- Spine injuries
- Chronic pain
- Multiple sclerosis